Case study

Adhesively Joining Difficult Materials with Corona Plasma Treatment
Joining polyolefins such as polyethylene and polypropylene with adhesives can be challenging. Polyolefins have low surface energy, which creates weak bonds between the polyolefin material and the adhesive. Veryst used corona discharge plasma treatment to improve the bond strength and create a more robust joint.
Anisotropy of 3D-Printed Polymers
Many additively manufactured polymers exhibit anisotropic mechanical properties which must be accounted for by engineers designing with these materials. This case study illustrates the importance of testing additively manufactured polymers at many orientations to identify the range of isotropic behavior as well as the optimal build orientation.
Broken Rail Train Derailment
A train derails with an ensuing fire and evacuation of a neighborhood. What was the root cause of the derailment?
Cohesive Zone Model (CZM) Calibration
Cohesive zone modeling is a powerful tool for predicting delamination in adhesively bonded structures. Veryst engineers use their expertise in experimental and computational fracture mechanics to calibrate cohesive zone models for accurate prediction of adhesive failure.
Composite Testing
Composite materials, such as carbon fiber reinforced polymers, provide a high strength-to-weight ratio for structures ranging from aerospace components to biomedical implants to consumer sports products. These materials require thorough and specialized methods for material testing and validation due to their anisotropic material properties.
Cranial Perforators
Medical devices, such as the cranial perforator here, show imperfections that are rejected by physicians. Veryst investigated the source of these imperfections and recommended steps to remove them.
Creep Testing of Polymers at Elevated Temperatures
Polymers are prone to deform slowly over long periods of time when subjected to applied load, a phenomenon known as creep. Over time, the deformation can grow so large that the part no longer functions as intended. Veryst utilized creep testing to compare material choices and set temperature specifications for polymers.
Design of Reinforced Hoses
A high-strength reinforced hose failed in service under normal operating conditions well before its intended design life. Inspections of the subject hose revealed that failure was mainly due to delamination.
FEA of Absorbable PLLA Bone Screw
The nonlinear deformation and material relaxation associated with modeling the polymer screws for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction makes predicting key quantities such as stresses and holding forces challenging. Veryst, with its unique ability to test and model PLLA materials, was able to develop material and finite element models that predict the important short-term pull-out forces as well as the evolution of stresses over time.
FTIR Microscopy Analysis of Thermoplastic Solvent Bonding
Solvent bonding, although an effective way to join thermoplastics, can pose process challenges that reduce bond strength. Veryst uses FTIR microscopy to characterize the interface structure of solvent bonds, obtaining a “chemical image” of the solvent-bonded interface. The result is a full understanding of the bond and ways to improve its strength and reliability.
Guidewire Entanglement
Guidewires and stents can become entangled during deployment. Veryst assisted in determining whether product design plays any role in these events.
High Rate 3-Point Bending of Porcine Ribs
Determining the mechanical behavior of bones can be challenging given the complexity of the materials that make up the bone and the geometry. Assessing the mechanical behavior of whole bones, especially rib bones, can aid in understanding the relationship between loading and injury risk as many rib injuries are due to impact type events.
High Rate Foam Testing
Foam materials often exhibit high strain rate sensitivity, with large increases in stiffness as materials are loaded at higher rates. Veryst performed high-rate compression tests of a foam material, reaching impact strain rates of over 1500/s.
High Rate Temperature Response of Polymers
Polymers exhibit significant temperature-dependent mechanical response. Veryst tested a PEEK material at multiple temperatures and calibrated the PolyUMod® Three Network (TN) material model for finite element simulation.
High Strain Rate Testing of Fiber-Reinforced Thermoplastics
Understanding composite materials’ impact response as a function of fiber direction is important for a wide range of uses, from automotive applications for crashworthiness to consumer product uses for drop and impact resistance. Veryst evaluated the high strain rate response of both glass fiber and carbon fiber reinforced PEEK (polyether ether ketone) using the Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar test method.

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